GERMANY: THE BERLIN WALL
After World War II, Germany was divided into two parts. East Germany was Communist and West Germany was a democracy. Berlin, the most important city in Germany, was also divided, but the people had freedom to travel from east to west and vice versa. The West was doing much better financially so many East Berliners moved into the western part. The Communists did not like this. In August of 1961, construction of a wall was begun to separate Berlin into two definite parts. More than 100 people died trying to escape East Germany over this wall. The Berlin Wall remained as a symbol of the Cold War until 1989.
1. How may years ago was the wall constructed? How long did it last?
2. A piece of the wall measured 107 meters by 4 meters high. If each brick measured .5 m x .25 m, how many bricks were in that piece of the wall?
3. Before the wall was constructed, 60,000 people a day commuted back and forth to work. How many people is this in four weeks? (Assume 5 work days a week.) How many in a year?
4. In 1998, a memorial was built to the wall. It was 70 m x 4 m. It was a remaining piece of the wall. What was the perimeter and area of this memorial?
5. People were selling pieces of the wall as souvenirs. Each piece sold for 2 German deutschmarks. If 1 mark = $2.32, how much would 5 pieces cost in marks? dollars?
6. In 1997, a red line was painted on the pavement of the former
"Checkpoint Charlie" to mark where the wall used to be. The line
is 20 km long. Using the same sized bricks as in question number 2 above,
would it take to make a row of bricks on top of the red line?